Enzo Ferrari left Alfa Romeo in 1938 to build his own racing cars. To help finance these he turned to road car production in 1947 with the V12-powered 166. Many still only consider V12 cars to be ‘real’ Ferraris, and they are revered by collectors. Years of domination in F1, sports cars and road-car desirability followed. In 1969 the company joined the Fiat empire, but retained control of its pedigree, rarely even dipping far into Fiat's parts bin.
Enzo stepped down in 1971, retaining influence until his death in 1988, aged 90. The legacy of the company he created remains in safe hands, still racing in F1, and still creating hugely desirable road cars.